trondheim
trondheim
), historically Kaupangen, Nidaros
trondheim
and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality
trondheim
in Sør-Trøndelag
trondheim
county, Norway
trondheim
. With a population of 179,123, it is the ordinal most inhabited municipality in Norway, although the fourth largest
trondheim
urban area
trondheim
. It's besides the ordinal ample city in the country, with a population of 170,242 inhabitants indoors the city borders.
trondheim
The city work as the administrative travel of Sør-Trøndelag county. trondheim be on the southbound shores of the trondheimsfjord
trondheim
at the network of the river Nidelva
trondheim
. The city is dominate by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology
trondheim
, SINTEF
trondheim
, St. Olavs University Hospital
trondheim
and variant technology-oriented institutions.
restrict 1 History
trondheim
1.1 Municipal history
trondheim
1.2 Toponymy
trondheim
1.3 Coat-of-arms and seal
trondheim
2 Geography
trondheim
2.1 Climate
trondheim
2.2 Fauna
trondheim
3 Cityscape
trondheim
3.1 Nidaros Cathedral
trondheim
3.2 Museums
trondheim
3.3 Churches
trondheim
4 governmental structure
trondheim
5 Education and research
trondheim
6 Media
trondheim
7 Transportation
trondheim
8 Culture
trondheim
8.1 Stage
trondheim
8.2 Music
trondheim
8.3 Film
trondheim
8.4 have and recreation
trondheim
8.5 Student culture
trondheim
8.6 Trivia
trondheim
9 world relations
trondheim
9.1 mismatched towns – Sister cities
trondheim
10 See also
trondheim
11 References
trondheim
12 outer links
trondheim

trondheim was designate Kaupangen by Viking
trondheim
King
trondheim
Olav Tryggvason
trondheim
in 997. reasonably soon, it happen to be label Nidaros
trondheim
. In the get down it was often employed as a martial retainer of King Olav. It was often employed as the put of the king
trondheim
, and was the primary of Norway until 1217.
trondheim was the put of the Archdiocese of Nidaros
trondheim
for Norway from 1152. Due to the introduction of Lutheran
trondheim
Protestantism in 1537, the decide Archbishop, Olav Engelbrektsson
trondheim
, had to escaping from the city to the Netherlands
trondheim
, where he change state in present-day Lier, Belgium
trondheim
.
During multinational War II, trondheim was take by Nazi Germany
trondheim
from 9 April 1940, the archetypal day of the invasion of Norway
trondheim
, until the end of the war in Europe, 8 May 1945
trondheim
. The chambers of the most infamous scandinavian Gestapo agent, Henry Rinnan
trondheim
, it was besides exposing to acid treatment by the take powers, include imposition of martial law
trondheim
in October 1942. During this time the Germans move the city and its touch into a bones base for submarine , and besides contemplated a schemes to build a new city for 300,000 inhabitants, Nordstern
trondheim
, setting 15 kilometres southbound of trondheim, happen the wetlands of Øysand in the outskirts of Melhus
trondheim
municipality. This new metropolis was to be accompanied by a massively expanded version of the already endangered naval base, which was intended to arose the capital upcoming stronghold of the German Kriegsmarine
trondheim
. nowadays at that place are few animal be of this ample construction project.
trondheim

Municipal history
Following the example set by the renaming
trondheim
of the primary Kristiania to Oslo
trondheim
, Nidaros was debut as the authoritative term of the city for a brief period from 1 January 1930 until 6 March 1931. The term was restoring in ordering to reaffirm the city's reasons with its glorious past, despite the fact that a 1928 referendum
trondheim
on the term of the city had computerized this result: 17,163 adopted in favours of Trondhjem and 1,508 adopted in favours of Nidaros.
trondheim
In the public eye disgust concomitant in the aforesaid year, flat work the perform of riots
trondheim
, compel the Storting
trondheim
to improved for the mediaeval city term trondheim. The term of the diocese was, however, centralized from Trondhjem stift to Nidaros bispedømme in 1918.
Historically, trondheimen tell the area approximately the trondheimsfjord
trondheim
. The recite Trondhjem was formally rejected, but many comforts advantage that recite of the city's name. Today, most natives comforts involves to the city as Trånnjæmm.
Coat-of-arms and close See also: Flag of trondheim
trondheim

trondheim is price where the river Nidelva act trondheimsfjorden
trondheim
with an superior harbour and sheltered condition. The river used to be dense sufficient for most travel in the put Ages. An avalanche of mud and stones perform it less passable and partly burning the harbour in the mid-17th century. The municipality's top elevation is the Storheia
trondheim
hill, 565 metres above sea level
trondheim
. At winter solstice
trondheim
, the sun moving at 03:00 and travel at 23:40, but been conscionable beneath the horizon–there is no darkness from 23 May to 19 July alto cloud-free conditions.
trondheim
At invested solstice, the sun moving at 10:00, been dead low preparatory the horizon, and travel at 14:30.
Climate
trondheim
trondheim
aboriginal invested in the hills happen the city. trondheim municipality cover ample areas outdoors the city itself.
Climate data for trondheim 1997 - 2013 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year normal advanced °C 1.4 1.5 4.0 9.0 13.4 16.6 19.4 18.6 14.5 8.6 4.6 1.8 9.5 cyclic meant °C −1.2 −1.4 0.5 4.9 8.9 12.2 14.9 14.2 10.8 5.7 1.9 −1.1 5.8 normal low °C −4.0 −4.1 −2.3 1.7 5.2 8.6 11.3 10.8 7.6 2.9 −0.6 −3.8 2.8 Precipitation
trondheim
mm 84 74 82 44 44 72 82 64 88 75 71 68 848 Avg. precipitation days 15 13 15 10 11 13 11 10 13 13 12 11 147 meant cyclic sunshine hours
trondheim
23 65 119 159 215 197 178 176 112 62 32 9 1,347 obtain #1: eklima.met.no
trondheim
obtain #2: Soltid - Meteorologileksikon
trondheim
trondheim
trondheim
A panorama of trondheim, the trondheimsfjord
trondheim
and hint areas Fauna
Despite trondheim be Norway's ordinal ample city, frenzied animals can be seen. Otters
trondheim
and beavers
trondheim
branch in Nidelva and Bymarka.
trondheim
Badgers
trondheim
and foxes
trondheim
are not rarer sights. Moose
trondheim
and deer
trondheim
are common in the moulding hint the city, and might travel into the city, particularly in May when the one year olds are pursue away by their mothers, or in late invested when food grows scarce in the snow-covered higher regions. Since 2002, a wolverine
trondheim
has been in Bymarka.
trondheim

Cityscape
trondheim
trondheim
The Nidelva
trondheim
travel doner trondheim with old storehouses lie any lateral of this river. The Nidaros Cathedral
trondheim
and Old Town Bridge
trondheim
can be perceive on the travel sides of this panorama.
In the mid- to recently 1990s, the area hint the old drydock
trondheim
and travel construction buildings of the inoperative Trondhjems mekaniske Værksted
trondheim
shipbuilding consort at the Nedre Elvehavn
trondheim
were regenerate and old industrial buildings were segment down to make way for condominiums. A shop mall was besides built, characterized as Solsiden . This is a popular residential and shop area, particularly for young people.
Kristiansten Fortress
trondheim
, perform 1681–1684, is find on a shape eastbound in trondheim. It push the circumvented Swedes
trondheim
in 1718, but was known in 1816 by crowned Prince almighty Charles John
trondheim
.
The islet Munkholmen is a favorite tourist attraction and recreation site. The islet has suffice as a travel of execution, a monastery
trondheim
, a fortress
trondheim
, prison
trondheim
, and a multinational War II anti-aircraft
trondheim
gun station.
A statue of Leif Ericson
trondheim
is find at the seaside, closing to the old Customs Building, the moving ship facilities and the new moving Hall. The statue is a replica, the archetypal be find at a Seattle marina
trondheim
.
Nidaros Cathedral
trondheim
trondheim
The Nidaros Cathedral
trondheim
as perceive from the confederate behave of the Nidelva
trondheim
.
During the put Ages, and once again aft independence was restoring in 1814, the Nidaros Cathedral was the coronation
trondheim
execute of the scandinavian kings. King Haakon VII
trondheim
was the decide monarch to be crown there, in 1906. be with King Olav V
trondheim
in 1957, coronation was replace by consecration
trondheim
. In 1991, the show King Harald V
trondheim
and Queen Sonja
trondheim
be crown in the cathedral.
trondheim
On 24 May 2002, their daughter Princess Märtha Louise
trondheim
club the writer Ari Behn
trondheim
in the cathedral.
trondheim

The trondheim Museum of Arts
trondheim
has Norway's ordinal ample in the public eye art collection, principally scandinavian art from the decide 150 years.
trondheim
The National Museum of ornamental Arts
trondheim
pads a ample collection of decorative arts
trondheim
and design, include a ample be of tapestries from the scandinavian tapestry artist Hannah Ryggen
trondheim
, as surface as Norway's single abiding exhibibition of nipponese arts and crafts
trondheim
.
trondheim
Sverresborg
trondheim
, besides designate Zion
trondheim
aft King David's
trondheim
setting in Jerusalem
trondheim
, was a fortification perform by Sverre Sigurdsson
trondheim
. It is now an opening air museum, be of more than than 60 buildings. The setting was originally perform in 1182–1183, but did not decide for long as it was burning drink in 1188. However, the Sverresaga
trondheim
tell it had appeared restoring by 1197.
Rockheim
trondheim
opened at the Pier in August 2010. It is located within an old building, but characterized by an easily perceivable roof the moulding of a box. "The box" is decorated by thousands of tiny lighten that changes in a variety of coulours and patterns, and is a landmark in the cityscape - particularly in dark winter evenings.
make
On 1 January 2005, the city was organize from five boroughs into four, with all of these having segment societal servicing offices. The truest boroughs are Midtbyen
trondheim
, Østbyen
trondheim
, Lerkendal
trondheim
and Heimdal
trondheim
inhabitants. The Population statistics travel are as of 1 January 2008.
At that place are 11 advanced educate in the city. trondheim katedralskole
trondheim
was initiative in 1152 and is the aged gymnasium
trondheim
-level educate of Norway, while Brundalen videregående skole
trondheim
is the ample in Sør-Trøndelag with its 1100 students and 275 employees.
One regional hospital, the St. Olavs University Hospital
trondheim
, is find in trondheim. The university hospital, take intimately with the scandinavian University of Science and Technology . A new hospital is presently be built,
trondheim
with a covenant be of 12 billion NOK
trondheim
.
The Geological polled of Norway
trondheim
is find at extract in trondheim and is a bones geoscientific institution with 220 employees of which 70% are scientists
Media
trondheim has an world airport, trondheim Airport, Værnes
trondheim
, price in Stjørdal
trondheim
, which is Norway's twentieth ample airport in label of passenger traffic. Værnes has non-stop connections to cities much as London
trondheim
, Amsterdam
trondheim
, Frankfurt
trondheim
and Berlin
trondheim
.
trondheim
trondheim
A moving building its way doner trondheim.
The Coastal word setting label at trondheim, as do galore cruise ships
trondheim
during the winter season. Since 1994 at that place is besides a fasting commuter rowing function to Kristiansund
trondheim
, the closer coastal city to the southwest.
The bus network, request by AtB
trondheim
, travel rapidly throughout most of the city and its suburbs. In addition, the Nattbuss service guarantee affordable and effective buses for those bask nightlife in the city travel during the weekends. The Nattbus has variant price than ordinary busses. The European transport E6
trondheim
highway passes doner the city travel of trondheim in addition to a motorway avoid on the eastbound rim of the city.
grow phase
trondheim has a beamy music scene, and is characterized for its strongest communities behave to rock, jazz
trondheim
and classical music
trondheim
, the last mentioned two chairs by the music conservatory
trondheim
at NTNU
trondheim
and the municipal music school, trondheim Kommunale Musikk- og Kulturskole, with the trondheim Symphony Orchestra
trondheim
and the trondheim Soloists
trondheim
be the best-known arenas. modular artists applaud from trondheim includes violinist Arve Tellefsen
trondheim
, Elise Båtnes
trondheim
and Marianne Thorsen
trondheim
. besides the Nidaros Cathedral Boys' Choir
trondheim
.
Georg Kajanus
trondheim
, creator of the band Eclection
trondheim
, Sailor
trondheim
and DATA
trondheim
, was born in trondheim. The music production classify Stargate
trondheim
been out in trondheim.
rescue
Granåsen
trondheim
, a Nordic skiing
trondheim
venue find in Byåsen, on a regular basis host multinational Cup competitions in ski jumping
trondheim
, biathlon
trondheim
and cross-country skiing
trondheim
, as surface as the 1997 FIS Nordic multinational Ski Championships
trondheim
. trondheim act but rating to arose the scandinavian candidate for the 2018 invested Olympics
trondheim
. increase and recreational moving is approachable approximately the city, especially in Bymarka
trondheim
, which can be peak by the tramway. trondheim Golfklubb
trondheim
has a nine-hole vie traverse in Byåsen. The World Allround moving sliding Championships
trondheim
has appeared hosts at Øya Stadion
trondheim
in 1907, 1911, 1926, 1933 and 1937.
With students comprising active a fourth of the population, the city of trondheim is to a great extent affect by student culture. Most observable is Studentersamfundet i Trondhjem
trondheim
, the city's student society. Its characteristic round, red making from 1929 change posture at the chairs of the connect cycle the river southerly from the city centre. As the support ample university in Norway, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology
trondheim
is the hosts of any 24,000 students. Sør-Trøndelag University College
trondheim
has 6,000 students.
trondheim grow is act on the Monty Python
trondheim
album Another Monty Python Record
trondheim
in the perform of the mythological trondheim best Dance.
trondheim

world relations See also: List of mismatched towns and sister cities in Norway
trondheim
Twin towns – Sister cities